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Kindergarten through Second Grade

Adelphia Classical Christian Academy proudly offers the Memoria Press classical Christian curriculum for grades K-2.  This curriculum is based on years of research and is used at the the highly acclaimed Highlands Latin school in Louisville, Kentucky.  The outstanding phonics/reading program provides extensive practice in the critical first step of learning to read – blending short vowels in three-letter words.  

Brief Overview (K - 2)

Adelphia offers a 3-day Kindergarten program.  Both programs start and end times align with other grades.


Kindergarten students meet on-campus three days per week (Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays). It is the Academy's experience that, after a few weeks of school, young students adapt well to the full program day. To help the students adapt to full days, the first month includes a rest period after their lunch.  During their rest period, the teacher may take the opportunity to complete read-aloud enrichment books.  Additionally, breaks and recess opportunities are scheduled several times throughout each program day.  

For K-2, reading, writing, spelling, and arithmetic are the foundation upon which the tower of learning is built, and these subjects are given the highest priority. The basic skills, work habits, and attitudes formed in the primary years are of critical importance.  

Learn more about the Memoria Press program offered at Adelphia below


First Grade

Second Grade

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Phonics and Reading

Phonics is the system of letter-sound association taught to children for the purposes of learning to read and spell. Phonics is most effective when taught systematically, thoroughly, intensively, and in a logical and time-tested sequence. Our primary resource for phonics instruction in kindergarten is the Memoria Press First Start Reading, a program which teaches correct pencil grip, manuscript form, consonant and short vowel sounds, three-letter word formation, consonant blends and long vowels/silent e. Common words which do not fit into any word family are introduced after students learn to blend three-letter words. First Start Reading teaches students to read in kindergarten using stories with a high percentage of phonetic words.

Phonics and spelling continue in 1st and 2nd grades using the Core Skills Phonics series and the Traditional Spelling program. In 1st grade students continue to develop reading comprehension with whole books, which captivate and motivate children and are preferred over basal readers. Teachers monitor student reading skills through daily oral reading. First graders read children’s classics such as Little Bear, Caps For Sale, The Story About Ping, and Billy and Blaze. Second graders read The Courage of Sarah Noble, Little House in the Big Woods, and Mr. Popper’s Penguins. Spelling, penmanship, composition, and vocabulary lessons for each book are provided by our Memoria Press study guides.

A rich language experience, provided both at home and in school, is an important factor in reading success. Students memorize poems and Scripture and enjoy children’s classics read by teachers and parents during read-aloud time.

Spelling and Printing 

Students develop the visual memory for accurate spelling by a systematic study of phonics, word families, and spelling rules taught in Traditional Spelling, and by a lifetime of seeing, reading, and writing words correctly. It is very important to reduce opportunities for children to write or see misspelled words; young students who are allowed to spell creatively or phonetically have a confused visual memory that is difficult to overcome.

Copybook is an exercise consisting of copying sayings, maxims, Scripture, and poetry in the student’s best handwriting. Copybook is an important step in developing good penmanship, punctuation, and spelling. Habits of good penmanship are instilled early and required at every grade level by every teacher. The discipline of neat and legible handwriting is an aid to spelling and instills the value of accurate, careful work – an important academic skill that carries over into every aspect of learning. In the 1st and 2nd grades students continue to practice manuscript while also beginning cursive script with Memoria Press’s New American Cursive program. Cursive is required for written work in grades 3 and up.

Our teachers work to help students form and maintain a proper pencil grip. Correct pencil grip reduces hand fatigue and as a consequence also reduces resistance to written work in general. The copybooks include diagrams to illustrate a correct pencil grip.


In the trivium model of learning, arithmetic is the focus of grades K–6. Next to the alphabet, arithmetic is the most useful tool students will ever possess. It should not be rushed over in a hurry to get to higher mathematics. Many modern textbooks do not observe the distinction between arithmetic and mathematics. Algebra topics are included in texts as early as kindergarten and obscure the necessary arithmetic skills for each grade. The energy and effort of students are dissipated over a variety of topics, many of which are too abstract for students to understand. Insufficient time is given to basic skills, and students do not experience the satisfaction of mastery learning, nor are they adequately prepared for higher math. A failure to master basics is the cause of the glass ceiling that most students reach in their mathematics education.


Immediate recall of addition and subtraction facts through 18 is the focus in primary school. Number formation, counting, time, calendar, measurement, and money are the initial skills of K-2. In 2nd grade the students also begin multiplication with the 1x, 2x, 5x, and 10x facts. Students learn number sense by skip-counting, games, and drills, all of which make math time enjoyable.

Geography, History, and Science

Read-Aloud books provide a rich language experience for students and the reading is accompanied by teacher-led oral questions and discussion. Students learn new and interesting words and delight in rhyme and word play.  They learn about holidays, history, geography, science and more. Select read-aloud books, which are beautiful in both art and language, were chosen after extensive research and reading.

Christian Studies, Music, and Art

In Christian Studies students read or listen to Bible stories and memorize Scripture verses and prayers. In music appreciation, a well-known composer and piece of music are introduced periodically. Students draw and color in their composition books, illustrating copybook verses, poems, and composition lessons. In art appreciation, an artist and art masterwork are introduced periodically to students. 

Physical Education 

Students have Physical Education once a week providing approximately 30 minutes of exercise as well as opportunities to play childhood games. The teacher works to develop basic motor and motion skills, such as running, skipping, running backwards, and flexibility, as well as sportsmanship and team play. 

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